Winter 2020

This is a draft timetable (subject to change).

STG/UTM shuttle transportation is available for courses taught at UTM campus. Students not affiliated with UTM campus can collect a shuttle bus ticket from the office at STG (room 5047) before the first class. UTM Geography will provide tickets for subsequent weeks in class. Please contact the instructor for information.

Courses marked with an asterisk (*) are not managed by Geography & Planning. Please contact the host department if you are unable to enrol using Acorn.

PLA1103HLegal Basis of PlanningIan Andres and Max LaskinTuesdays, 6 - 9pm (NEW TIME)SS5017AMSc Planning Only, CORE
PLA1105HPlanning Decision Methods IIJason SpicerMondays, 10am-1pmSS561MSc Planning Only, CORE
PLA1516HSpecial Topics -Human Rights and the CitySandeep AgrawalTuesdays and Thursdays, 1-4pm. Compressed format course - see description below for meeting dates.See description below for meeting dates and locations
PLA1520HProject Management and Conflict ResolutionRob DowlerThursdays, 5-8pm SS5017APlanning Only, CORE
PLA1552HCity Planning & ManagementJohn FarrowThursdays, 10am-12pmSS5017APlanning Only, UPD, SPP
PLA1651HReal Estate DevelopmentPeter ZimmermanWednesdays, 4-6pmDA215Planning Only, UPD, UD, EPP
PLA1653H Urban Design & Planning Advanced StudioPaul HessTuesdays and Fridays, 2-5pmSS617UD
PLA1655HUrban Design & DevelopmentRobert FreedmanMondays, 6-9pmDA 340Planning Only, UD, UPD
JPG1111HSocial Research MethodsKathi WilsonTuesdays, 9-11amRoom TBD (UTM), video link available in room SS5016GGGR/PL Programs Only
JPG1120HAdvanced Qualitative ResearchKatharine RankinTuesdays, 1-3pmSS5016GGGR/PL Programs Only, ALL
JPG1428HManaging Urban EcosystemsTenley ConwayFridays, 10am-12pmDV2094 (UTM), video link available in room SS5016GENV
JPG1429HPolitical Ecology of Food and AgricultureMichael EkersTuesdays, 11am-1pmSS5017AENV, UPD
JPG1502HCities of the Global SouthRaj NarayanareddyWednesdays, 10am-12pmSS5016GEPP, SPP, UPD
JPG1503HSpace, Time, RevolutionKanishka GoonewardenaWednesdays, 5-8pmSS5016GUPD
JPG1504HInstitutionalism & CitiesAndre SorensenMondays, 3-5pmSS5016GUPD
JPG1506HState/Space/DifferenceSue RuddickWednesdays, 3-5pm **Class held on Wednesday, Feb 12 will be rescheduled to another date** SS5017A
JPG1507HHousing Markets & Housing Policy AnalysisLarry BourneWednesdays, 12-3pmSS5017AGGR/PL Programs Priority
JPG1520HContested Geographies of Class-Race FormationMark HunterMondays, 3-5pmSS5017AEPP, SPP, UPD
JPG1554HTransportation & Urban Form Steve FarberWednesdays, 9am-12pmSS5017AUPD, TRANS
JPG1615HPlanning the Social EconomyKatharine RankinMondays, 1-3pmSS5016GEPP, SPP
JPG1558HThe History and Geography of Cycles and CyclingLea Ravensbergen-HodginsWednesdays, 3-5pmSS5016G
JPG1706HViolence & SecurityDeborah CowenThursdays, 2-5pmSS5107ASPP
JPG1814HCities & ImmigrantsVincent KuuireThursdays, 9am-12pmSS5016GSPP
JPG2150HSpecial Topics: Geographies of Decolonization and LiberationMichelle DaigleWednesdays, 12-3pmSS5016GSPP
JSE1708H*The Development of Sustainability ThoughtJohn RobinsonTuesdays and Thursdays, 10am-12pmGLA TBDENV
ENV1444H*Capitalist NatureScott PrudhamThursdays, 11am-2pmHS 705ENV

PLA1103H – Legal Basis of Planning
This course examines the legal basis of planning, including the relevant legislation, bylaws and policies that guide planning in the Province of Ontario. Part I of the course introduces you to the basics of planning law — in essence, how to distinguish between law and policy, how to read case law, and understanding the role of the courts. Part II focuses on planning law in action, including understanding how legal issues affect the day-to-day life of planners, a field trip, and guest speakers. In Part III we will take a close look at current issues and problems in planning law, including indigenous-municipal planning relationships, the Places to Grow legislation, and the zoning of rooming houses.

PLA1105H – Planning Decision Methods II
Quantitative data can help illuminate planning issues. This class introduces quantitative methods with the opportunity to develop and practice the skills needed to use these methods appropriately. We cover data management and visualization, population forecasting, economic analysis, basic statistics, mapping and spatial analysis, as well as the epistemological positioning and ethics of these methods historically and today. The focus is on applying these methods critically to issues in planning.

PLA1516H – Special Topics: Human Rights and the City
Human rights are those rights we possess based on our inherent dignity and equal worth as human beings. Human rights and human rights violations intersect with planning issues such as municipal bylaws, affordable housing, public transit, safe injection sites, and methadone clinics, among others. The course content will include developing an understanding of the philosophical (Lefebvre’s right to the city and Fainstein’s the just city) as well as legal aspects of human rights (the UN Declaration of Human Rights, the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, human rights acts and case law), and explore how and why human rights intersect with cities in Canada, a least studied and understood area of planning. The course will be offered in a seminar format, which will allow students to choose urban issues, examine them closely, and make moral and/or legal arguments from the human rights perspective.  The course in a compressed format in the Winter 2020 semester with 3 hour sessions from 1-4pm on Tuesdays and Thursdays the following dates:
January 14 (Tues) – Room 5017A
January 16 (Thurs) – Room 5016G
January 21 (Tues) – Room 5017A
January 23 (Thurs.) – Room 5016G
March 10 (Tues.) – Room 5017A
March 12 (Thurs.) – Room 5016G
March 17 (Tues.) – Room 5017A
March 19 (Thurs.) – Room 5016G

PLA1520H – Project Management and Conflict Resolution

Modern planning organizations have become increasingly project-focused and planning jobs often call for project management and conflict resolution skills.   As Clark (2002) notes:  “Project management should be an easy sell to the planning profession.  Many planners already use a disciplined approach towards managing projects; however, many of us don’t.  Project management provides the planner with the necessary tools and processes to bring complex and high-quality planning projects … on time and within budget.”

With respect to conflict resolution and negotiations, Forester (2006) notes: “Both planning practice and planning theory can use insights from the scholarly literature on dispute resolution and from astute mediation practice to help diverse and distrusting stakeholders to learn about issues and their differing interests, and to propose mutually beneficial, mutually agreeable, options for joint action.”

PLA1520H provides a foundation in project management and conflict resolution with particular emphasis on the skills and tools associated with the projects planners often lead (eg – planning studies, secondary plans, Official Plan reviews, zoning bylaw reviews, environmental/EA studies, cultural heritage studies, transportation studies, etc.). PLA1520H Course Syllabus Winter 2020

PLA1552H – City Planning & Management
The purpose of this course is to prepare professional planners to manage their own activities and provide leadership when operating as part of the city administration. This will be done by providing an understanding of how services and programs are established, planned and delivered by city governments and other agencies. The focus will be on providing students with practical approaches to implementing land use, environmental and other policies. Students will be introduced to the planning and management tools used to deliver the full range of programs a city must provide. The course will be delivered through readings, lectures and group discussions. Significant use will be made of case studies on city issues which students will analyze and discuss in class. This course is offered in alternate years with PLA1551H.

PLA1651H – Real Estate Development
Provides an overview of the Canadian and U.S. development industry within the real estate development process. The course then covers the financial basis of urban development projects (private and public finance); the participants; land assembly procedures; land banking; mixed-use projects; sectoral and scale differences within the development industry market and locational search procedures. Finally, it addresses the interface of the industry with the public sector.

PLA1653H – Urban Design & Planning Advanced Studio
This course is an advanced version of PLA 1652H. Emphasis will be placed on research applications to urban design, and the use of computer-generated images for design and presentation purposes.

PLA1655H – Urban Design & Development
This course looks at urban design strategies in the context of planning processes. It introduces students to a broad array of contemporary Canadian and U.S. municipal and regional design control policies and implementation tools, focusing on the most innovative and successful approaches but also examining lesser approaches and the structural constraints and value choices associated with them. Connections between design control policy and design outcomes are critically examined within the context of individual case studies.

PLA1702H – Pedestrians/Streets/Public Space

JPG1111H – Research Practice in Geography
This course provides students with an opportunity to develop or advance their understanding of social research methods through in-depth examination of research approaches, design, ethics, rigour, and a range of qualitative and some quantitative methods. Specific methods covered in the course include on-one-one interviews, focus groups, surveys, as well as emerging methods (e.g., photo voice, go-along interviews). The course also covers cross-cultural and Indigenous approaches to research. The goals of the course will be to provide students with the knowledge needed to effectively evaluate research, understand the process of research design, formulate research questions, and develop a research proposal. JPG1111H Course Syllabus Winter 2020

JPG1120H – Advanced Qualitative Research
This course arises out of the interest of doctoral students in Planning and Geography who desire to acquire rigorous qualitative research skills that would complement their research interests, assist in developing their dissertation proposals, and contribute to preparation for a career as educators and scholars in academia and beyond. The primary concern is to develop a deep understanding of a range of qualitative research methods and their epistemological foundations, with an emphasis on ethnographic approaches. Readings and discussions will be oriented to developing a philosophical understanding of the epistemology and ontology of knowledge so that students can develop a critical approach to research design. Readings reflect an understanding that doctoral planning and geography students commonly conduct ethnographic research in international settings, which requires an ability to read and interpret complex meanings, as well as attend to the politics of knowledge production and representation. The course will also address basic qualitative research methods, such as interviews and discourse analysis, and approaches to analysis (including the use of qualitative analysis software) – with a focus on critical approaches to knowledge production and researchers’ positionality. The course is organized as a seminar with a heavy emphasis on collective analysis of course materials, and each student’s involvement in writing reflections and classroom discussions on a weekly basis. JPG1120H Course Syllabus Winter 2020

JPG1428H – Managing Urban Ecosystems
This reading seminar focuses on the different ways people interact with and manage urban ecosystems. The course begins by exploring the characterization of cities as ecosystems. We will then examine the socio-ecological research and management goals that draw on and build from an urban ecosystem perspective. Management of urban climates, hydrology, and vegetation will be explored. The role of municipal policy, built form, residents and other key actors will be examined in-depth. Throughout the course, issues associated with bridging knowledge gaps between the social and natural sciences, unique characteristics of urban ecosystems, and the role of individual decision-makers will be considered. This course is taught at UTM campus with a video link to STG campus. JPG1428H Course Syllabus Winter 2020

JPG1429H – Political Ecology of Food Agriculture
Agrifood systems, connecting production and consumption, markets and various types of agrarian labour, are undergoing profound social and ecological change. Among these developments are large-scale land grabs, the financialization of food and farming, challenges to settler agriculture and the resurgence of indigenous food systems, the emergence of robust ‘urban’ and ‘rural’ alternatives to industrial and colonial agriculture. In trying to make sense of these changes, and the various social movements that have emerged in their wake, this course deploys the related paradigms of agrarian political economy and political ecology to analyze the forces and social relations that define land-based and food-focused transformations, both historically and in the contemporary moment. The course examines the often forgotten roots of contemporary debates in political ecology and food, that is, the enduring agrarian question. The agrarian question examines the extent to which capital has transformed agricultural production and the degrees to which producers have been able to resist dispossession and the industrialization and capitalization of agriculture. The course starts with foundational perspectives on the agrarian question from the early 20th century before discussing the renaissance of these debates in the 1970s and 1980s and the emergence during this time of political ecology as a critical approach to the study of food and land-based practices. Updating these earlier debates the course tackles a number of defining contemporary developments, as noted above, that are reshaping the meaning and character of land and food. JPG1429H Course Syllabus Winter 2020

JPG1502H – Cities of Global South
In this course we will critically examine “global urbanism” while paying explicit attention to how cities of global South have been studied, understood and depicted in global urban research. In the past two decades, influential policymakers have promulgated the “global cities” paradigm, which frames 21st century urbanism in global terms. According to the “global cities” paradigm “global” cities of the North, such as New York, London and Tokyo are at the pinnacle of globalization. In contrast, cities of the global South are consistently portrayed as “mega” cities that are disorderly, polluted, chaotic, ungovernable, and marked by infrastructure collapse. In short, cities of the global South are mega cities with mega problems. In this course we will begin by examining policy-oriented as well as academic literature in order to understand how the global cities paradigm was given coherence and propagated across the world.

JPG1503H – Space, Time, Revolution
This graduate seminar examines the relations between critical spatio-temporal and socio-spatial thought and new conceptions of radical politics. Its references are twofold: on the one hand, it surveys the recent attempts of such thinkers as Alain Badiou, Slavoj Zizek, Daniel Bensaïd, Jacques Rancière, Giorgio Agamben, Bruno Bosteels and Peter Hallward to re-theorize revolution in the face of global liberaldemocratic hegemony; on the other hand, it interrogates their conceptions of ‘event’, ‘situation’, ‘dissensus’, ‘exception’ and ‘communism’ in the historical court of actual revolutionary experiences produced by anti-colonial and socialist politics, especially at such moments as 1789, 1791-1803, 1848, 1871, 1917, 1949, 1968. The readings for this course will therefore draw on both contemporary theoretical texts and classic accounts of revolutionary subjectivity that highlight its spatio-temporal and socio-spatial dimensions, in the vein of Kristin Ross’s The Emergence of Social Space: Rimbaud and the Paris Commune as much as Frantz Fanon’s The Wretched of the Earth.

JPG1504H – Institutionalism & Cities
This course focuses on the role of institutions in shaping processes of urban change, governance and planning. The premise of the course is that cities are extraordinarily densely institutionalized spaces, and that the formal study of institutions, and processes of institutional continuity and change will be productive for both planners and urban geographers. The course reviews the New Institutionalist literature in Political Science, Sociology, Economic Geography, and Planning Studies, with a focus on Historical Institutionalist concepts, and develops a conceptual framework for the application of institutionalist theory to urban space. The claim is that an understanding of institutions is revealing of power dynamics in urban governance, is valuable for understanding urban governance and planning in international comparative perspective, and provides a valuable perspective on urban property systems.

JPG1506H – State/Space/Difference
With the global rise of right-wing populism, many nations in the west are witnessing a resurgence of the constitution of difference as alterity, manifest in heightened racism, sexism, anti-immigrant sentiment and other oppressive constructions as populist governments and movements promote a hardening of borders, and a construction of a sense of ‘a people’ mobilized against difference. In this course we investigate the re-emerge of right-wing populism with a particular focus on its normalization of difference as alterity, and the mobilization of alterity in the constitution of a body politic. But populism is a contested concept. Is populism an ideology, discourse, a political logic, or a style? Is the contemporary rise in right wing populism different from its antecedents? What is its relationship to totalitarianism? In this course we will investigate different conceptual framings of populism (and its sister concepts) as articulated through the lens of key theorists (Arendt, Laclau and Mouffe, Taggart, Gramsci, Deleuze and Guattari, Butler and others); its relationship to authoritarianism and fascism; its particular geographies, and some of its histories, expressed in varied contemporary dynamics in the United States and Europe; and modes of contestation.

JPG1507H – Housing Markets & Housing Policy Analysis
The objective of this course is to provide an opportunity for in-depth analyses of housing, as both product and process, and to apply these analyses to concrete housing situations and current policy and planning problems. Two principal themes are emphasized: 1) assessments of changes in the structural and spatial dimensions of housing demand and supply, and alternative modes of housing provision; and 2) evaluations of housing policies and programs and their relationships to social and economic policies and urban planning. The latter will be undertaken primarily through the discussion of case studies of specific problems and policy issues, the former through a review of basic concepts on housing in the first few weeks of class. JPG1507H Course Syllabus Winter 2020

JPG1520H – Contested Geographies of Class-Race Formation
How are spatial, racial, and class inequalities produced and contested in mutually constituted ways? Why are class inequalities always spatial and racial inequalities? We begin with two theorists who have had an enormous influence on writings on class: Karl Marx and Pierre Bourdieu (a third, Antonio Gramsci, will be considered through Stuart Hall). We follow this with key writings in the geographical traditions by Ruthie Gilmore, David Harvey, and Doreen Massey. I give priority to the race-class-power nexus through the work of Stuart Hall, Frantz Fanon, C L R James, Cedric Robinson, W E B Du Bois, and a number of exciting and relevant monographs. JPG1520H Course Syllabus Winter 2020

JPG1554H – Transportation & Urban Form
The need to reduce automobile dependence and congestion has been argued widely in recent years, and urban form has been identified as a major aspect influencing choice of travel mode. The combined imperatives of sustainability, healthier cities, and worsening congestion has prompted an increasingly rich body of research on the relationships between urban form, transport infrastructure, and travel patterns, and an array of new methodological approaches to research them. This course critically examines this research and examines planning strategies that seek to influence travel through coordinated transport investment and land use and design control. Both regional and neighbourhood scale issues and strategies will be addressed. The geographic focus of the course will largely be metropolitan regions in Canada and the United States, but there will be opportunity to examine other national contexts. JPG1554H Course Syllabus Winter 2020

JPG1558H – The History and Geography of Cycles and Cycling
The presence of cycling in cities has, for some, become the hallmark for the progressive city; progressive from a transport perspective. But how did we get to this point in the history of urban transportation and city life? Has it always been like this? Is more cycling a desirable outcome for everyone? Who cycles and who doesn’t, and for what reasons? In one sense, this course addresses these very questions, while exploring several points of complex intersection between cycles and cycling and a range of social, economic, and political constructs/forces/processes that often operate at a range of scales. Adopting an historical and geographical lens, we will also consider the uneven way in which cycling seems to have fallen into and out of favour, locally, nationally, and globally over time.
This course will explore cycling’s past and present using a range of resources and experiences (including some actual cycling in the city!) using a mixture of lectures, student lead seminars and presentations, and fieldwork. The course begins in the City of Toronto, with a focus on infrastructure planning and injury. The course will make use of cycle planning documents and reports available through the City of Toronto. Students will use fieldwork to identify and trouble infrastructure implementation and use. The history of cycling technologies, planning and infrastructure then comes into view, followed by an examination of points of intersection between cycles, cycling and identity(s) scaled from the body to the nation. Study of cycling and active transport more broadly then shifts toward the Global South.

JPG1615H – Planning the Social Economy
What would it take to build a ‘social economy,’ an economy rooted in the principles of social justice, democratic governance and local self-reliance? What are the progressive and regressive implications of such an undertaking? JPG 1615 will explore these questions both theoretically and practically. Theoretically, with recourse to some canonical and more recent writings about the interface between ‘society’ and ‘economy’. Practically, the course will look at what role municipal governments could and do play in building the social economy. The case of social housing in the GTA serves as an example—as well as a context for learning about key tools in local economic development. The course will also consider how communities and neighbourhoods are growing increasingly active in developing alternative economic institutions, such as cooperatives, participatory budgets and community development financial institutions in order to institutionalize the social economy at the local scale.

JPG1706H – Violence & Security
This course explores the shifting spatiality of organized violence, as well as changing theories of war and in/security. From the historical nationalization of legitimate war as a project of ‘internal’ and ‘external’ colonialism, to the disciplining of labouring bodies as part of the rise of geo- and bio-political forms, to the contemporary securitization of everyday urban life and the blurring of the borders of military and civilian, war and peace, and ‘inside’ and ‘outside’ state space, this seminar tracks the geographies of the political through the logistics of collective conflict. The course will examine perpetual, urban, and privatized forms of war that trespass modern legal, political, ontological, and geographical borders. Finally, we will explore problems of war ‘at home’. How does the practice of war within the nation and the productive nature of war for domestic politics trouble our assumptions about the nation state, citizenship and ‘normal’ political space and time?

JPG1814H – Cities and Immigrants
Globalization processes and changes in immigration laws in recent decades have led to an upsurge in cross-border movement of people and ushered in sequential waves of immigration from various regions of the world to Canada and the U.S. Cities and their adjoining metropolitan areas are the biggest beneficiaries of these changing dynamics where immigrants are important contributors to economic growth and social reinvigoration. This course will examine the dynamics and changing patterns of immigrant integration in cities and urban locations. Topics of focus will include theories of immigrant integration, socio-spatial patterns of immigrant settlements in cities, labour market participation, socio-cultural identity formation and transnational engagements. The course will rely on contemporary examples and case studies to provide a deeper understanding of how immigrants are shaping dynamics within cities.

JPG2150H – Special Topics: Geographies of Decolonization and Liberation
Increasingly, Indigenous, Black and other racialized peoples are coming into dialogue, relationship and solidarity to resist against colonial and racial forms of dispossession and violence, while also envisioning and practicing radical traditions of decolonization, resurgence and liberation. This course examines the interconnected geographies of settler colonialism, racial capitalism and white supremacy, as well as those of decolonization, liberation and self-determination. Specifically, the course will examine how core geographic concepts such as space, place, territory, land, and the scale of the intimate are sites of colonial and racial dispossession and violence, as well as sites for decolonial thought and practice. We will engage with scholarship within the discipline of geography as well as geographically-focused works primarily by Indigenous, Black and other racialized scholars, activists and artists.

JSE1708H – The Development of Sustainability Thought
This course will examine how attitudes towards human nature and non-human nature have changed over the period from Mesolithic times until the present in Western society. By reading and discussing historical arguments and contemporary documents we will attempt to uncover the underlying assumptions about the world that were characteristic of different periods in the history of Western culture. The underlying question is whether contemporary concerns about sustainability require fundamental changes in the way we conceive of ourselves and our environment. Enrolment in this course is managed by the Master of Global Affairs Program.

ENV1444H – Capitalist Nature
This course will draw on a range of theoretical and empirical research materials in order to examine the particularities of what might be referred to as “capitalist nature”. Specifically, the course is concerned with three central questions: (i) what are the unique political, ecological, and geographical dynamics of environmental change propelled by capital accumulation and the dynamics of specifically capitalist forms of “commodification”? (ii) how and why is nature commodified in a capitalist political economy, and what are the associated problems and contradictions? (iii) how can we understand the main currents of policy and regulatory responses to these dynamics? Enrollment in this course is managed by the School for the Environment. ENV1444H Course Syllabus Winter 2020

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