Books Published by Faculty
Faith Based: Religious Neoliberalism and the Politics of Welfare in the United States
(The University of Georgia Press, 2012)
by jason hackworth
Faith Based explores how the Religious Right has supported neoliberalism in the United States, bringing a particular focus to welfare—an arena where conservative Protestant politics and neoliberal economic ideas come together most clearly. Through case studies of gospel rescue missions, Habitat for Humanity, and religious charities in post-Katrina New Orleans, Jason Hackworth describes both the theory and practice of faith-based welfare, revealing fundamental tensions between the religious and economic wings of the conservative movement.
Hackworth begins by tracing the fusion of evangelical religious conservatism and promarket, antigovernment activism, which resulted in what he calls “religious neoliberalism.” He argues that neoliberalism—the ideological sanctification of private property, the individual, and antistatist politics—has rarely been popular enough on its own to promote wide change. Rather, neoliberals gain the most traction when they align their efforts with other discourses and ideas. The promotion of faith-based alternatives to welfare is a classic case of coalition building on the Right. Evangelicals get to provide social services in line with Biblical tenets, while opponents of big government chip away at the public safety net.
Though religious neoliberalism is most closely associated with George W. Bush’s Office of Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships, the idea predates Bush and continues to hold sway in the Obama administration. Despite its success, however, Hackworth contends that religious neoliberalism remains an uneasy alliance—a fusion that has been tested and frayed by recent events.
Jason Hackworth is a Professor of Geography
The Dynamics of Social Capital and Civic Engagement in Asia
by amrita daniere & hy van luong
The purpose of this volume is to highlight the impacts on civic engagement of social capital, and its various component parts (trust, norms, networks and associations), in diverse parts of Asia. Addressing the pressing need for improved governance within the spatial, political and cultural realities in the rapidly transforming landscapes of Asia, the contributors to the book bring together interdisciplinary work that focuses on the ways in which civic engagement can link with social capital building. The goal of this volume is to inspire policy that recognizes that a vibrant society with access to rich stores of positive social capital requires civil society, alternate civilities and the state. The result is a dialogue on the interplay of social capital and civic engagement in socio-political contexts quite different from those found in the West.
This book contributes to current discussions about the nature of social relations and their connection to politics and change and offers a unique lens into the validity of these important concepts in contemporary research across a variety of Asian settings. It will be of interest to social scientists across the board, especially those with an interest in Asia and Asian development.
Amrita Daniere is a Professor of Geography and Vice-Dean at UTM.
Rural Resistance in South Africa
(Brill Academic Publishers, 2011)
by thembela kepe & lungisile ntsebeza
Much has been written about anti-apartheid resistance by the marginalized people of South Africa, as well as its violent repression by security forces in urban areas (e.g. Sharpeville massacre; Soweto riots). Very little attention has been paid to resistance by rural people. The Mpondo Revolts, which began in the 1950s and reached a climax in 1960, rank among the most significant rural resistances in South Africa. Here Mpondo villagers emphatically rejected the introduction of Bantu Authorities and unpopular rural land use planning that meant loss of land. The volume presents a fresh understanding of the uprising; as well as its meaning and significance then and now, particularly relating to land, rural governance, party politics and the agency of the marginalized.
Thembela Kepe is an Associate Professor of Geography at UTSC.
Canadian Urban Regions
(Oxford University Press, 2011)
edited by larry s. bourne, tom hutton, richard shearmur and jim simmons
Bringing together some of the most respected scholars in the discipline, Canadian Urban Regions: Trajectories of Growth and Change is an innovative exploration of current trends and developments in urban geography. Combining theoretical perspectives with contemporary insights, the text reveals how the economic welfare of Canada is increasingly determined by the capacity of its cities to function as sites of innovation, creativity, skilled labour formation, specialized production, and global-local interaction. The text moves from building a contextual framework, on to practical case studies about evolving political, economic, and urban changes in five of Canada’s major cities – Montreal, Ottawa, Toronto, Calgary, and Vancouver – before finally moving on to a discussion of the future of the discipline.
Larry Bourne is a Professor Emeritus in the department, Senior Associate with the Cities Centre and a Fellow with the Global Cities Program. Jim Simmons is a Professor Emeritus in the department.
This book provides a comprehensive, up-to-date, and expert synthesis of location theory. What are the impacts of a firm’s geographic location on the locations of customers, suppliers, and competitors in a market economy? How, when, and why does this result in the clustering of firms in space? When and how is society made better or worse off as a result? This book uses dozens of locational models to address aspects of these three questions. Classical location problems considered include Greenhut-Manne, Hitchcock-Koopmans, and Weber-Launhardt. The book reinterprets competitive location theory, focusing on the linkages between Walrasian price equilibrium and the localization of firms. It also demonstrates that competitive location theory offers diverse ideas about the nature of market equilibrium in geographic space and its implications for a broad range of public policies, including free trade, industrial policy, regional development, and investment in infrastructure. With an extensive bibliography and fresh, interdisciplinary approach, the book will be an invaluable reference for academics and researchers with an interest in regional science, economic geography, and urban planning, as well as policy advisors, urban planners, and consultants.
John Miron is a Professor in Geography and Chair of Social Sciences at UTSC.
Land, Memory, Reconstruction, and Justice: Perspectives of Land Claims in South Africa
(Ohio University Press, 2010)
by cherryl walker, anna bohlin, ruth hill & thembela kepe
In South Africa land is one of the most significant and controversial topics. Land restitution has been a complex, multidimensional process that has failed to meet the expectations with which it was initially launched in 1994. Ordinary citizens, policymakers, and analysts have begun to question progress in land reform in the years since South Africa’s transition to democracy. Land, Memory, Reconstruction, and Justice brings together a wealth of topical material and case studies by leading experts in the field who present a rich mix of perspectives from politics, sociology, geography, social anthropology, law, history, and agricultural economics. The collection addresses both the material and the symbolic dimensions of land claims, in rural and urban contexts, and explores the complex intersection of issues confronting the restitution program, from the promotion of livelihoods to questions of rights, identity, and transitional justice. A valuable contribution to the field of land and agrarian studies, both in South Africa and internationally, it is undoubtedly the most comprehensive treatment to date of South Africa’s postapartheid land claims process and will be essential reading for scholars and students of land reform for years to come.
Thembela Kepe is an Associate Professor of Geography at UTSC.
Reducing and managing humanity’s demand for energy is a fundamental part of the effort to mitigate climate change. In this, the most comprehensive textbook ever written on the subject, L.D. Danny Harvey lays out the theory and practice of how things must change if we are to meet our energy needs sustainably.
The book begins with a succinct summary of the scientific basis for concern over global warming, then outlines energy basics and current patterns and trends in energy use. This is followed by a discussion of current and advanced technologies for the generation of electricity from fossil fuels. The book then considers in detail how energy is used, and how this use can be dramatically reduced, in the following end-use sectors: buildings, transportation, industry, food and agriculture, and municipal services.
The findings from these sector-by-sector assessments are then applied to generate scenarios of how global energy demand could evolve over the coming decades with full implementation of the identified and economically-feasible energy-saving potential. The book ends with a brief discussion of policies that can be used to reduce energy demand, but also addresses the limits of technologically-based improvements in efficiency in moderating demand and of the need to re-think some of our underlying assumptions concern ends with a brief discusing what we really need. Along with its companion volume on C-free energy supply, and accompanied by extensive supplementary online material, this is an essential resource for students and practitioners in engineering, architecture, environment and energy related fields.
Danny Harvey is a Professor in the Department of Geography and Program in Planning.
Transforming our energy supplies to be more sustainable is seen by many to be the biggest challenge of our times. In this comprehensive textbook, L.D. Danny Harvey sets out in unprecedented detail the path we must take to minimize the effects that the way we harness energy will have on future climate change.
The book opens by highlighting the importance of moving to low carbon technologies for generation, then moves on to explain the functioning, potential and social/environmental issues around: solar energy, wind energy, biomass energy, geothermal energy, hydroelectric power, ocean energy, and nuclear energy.
It also covers the options for carbon capture and storage and the contexts in which low carbon energy can best be utilized (potential for community integrated systems, and the hydrogen economy). The book closes with scenarios that combine the findings from its companion volume (concerning the potential for limiting future energy demand) with the findings from this volume (concerning the cost and potential of C-free energy systems) to generate scenarios that succeed in limiting future atmospheric CO2 concentration to no more than 450 ppmv. Detailed yet accessible, meticulously researched and reviewed, this work constitutes an indispensible textbook and reference for students and practitioners in sustainable energy and engineering.
Danny Harvey is a Professor in the Department of Geography and Program in Planning.
The Contours of America’s Cold War
(Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2010)
by matthew farish
In The Contours of America’s Cold War, Matthew Farish explores new ways of conceptualizing space as part of post-World War II American militarism. He demonstrates how the social sciences were militarized in the early Cold War period, producing spatial knowledge that was of immediate use to the state as it sought to expand its reach across the globe.
Geographic knowledge generated for the Cold War was a form of power, and it was given an urgency in the panels, advisory boards and study groups established to address the challenges of an atomic world. He investigates how the scales of the city, the continent, the region, the globe and, by extension, outer space, were brought together as strategic spaces or categories that provided a cartographic orientation for the Cold War and influenced military deployments, diplomacy, espionage and finance.
Farish analyzes the surprising range of knowledge production involved in claiming and classifying American space. Backed by military and intelligence funding, physicists, policy makers, soldiers and social scientists came together to study and shape the United States and its place in a divided world.
Matthew Farish is an Associate Professor in the department.
Love in the Time of AIDS
(Co-published by Indiana University Press and KwaZulu-Natal Press, 2010)
by mark hunter
In some parts of South Africa, more than one in three people are HIV positive. Love in the Time of AIDS explores transformations in notions of gender and intimacy to try to understand the roots of this virulent epidemic. By living in an informal settlement and collecting love letters, cell phone text messages, oral histories, and archival materials, Mark Hunter details the everyday social inequalities that have resulted in untimely deaths. Hunter shows how first apartheid and then chronic unemployment have become entangled with ideas about femininity, masculinity, love, and sex and have created an economy of exchange that perpetuates the transmission of HIV/AIDS. This sobering ethnography challenges conventional understandings of HIV/AIDS in South Africa.
Progress in Spatial Analysis: Methods and Applications
Edited by Antonio Páez, Ron N. Buliung, Julie Le Gallo and Sandy Dall’erba
Space is increasingly recognized as a legitimate factor that influences many processes and conceptual frameworks, including notions of spatial coherence and spatial heterogeneity that have been demonstrated to provide substance to both theory and explanation. The potential and relevance of spatial analysis is increasingly understood by an expanding sphere of cogent disciplines that have adopted the tools of spatial analysis. This book brings together major new developments in spatial analysis techniques, including spatial statistics, econometrics, and spatial visualization, and applications to fields such as regional studies, transportation and land use, political and economic geography, population and health. Establishing connections to existing and emerging lines of research, the book also serves as a survey of the field of spatial analysis and its links with related areas. 3
Ron N. Builiung is Associate Professor in the Department of Geography and Programme in Planning at the University of Toronto.
Environment: The Science Behind the Stories (Canadian Edition)
(Pearson Education Canada, 2009)
by jay withgott, scott brennan and barbara murck
This is the first Canadian edition of the very successful American environmental science textbook by Withgott and Brennan. The book gives a truly Canadian perspective on environmental science, with a particular focus on the groundbreaking work being done by Canadian environmental scientists in a variety of disciplines. One unique feature of this book is an entire chapter devoted to Campus Sustainability initiatives across Canada. 3
Barbara Murck is a Senior Lecturer at the Department of Geography and Programme in Planning at the Universiyty of Toronto.
The Politics of Civic Space in Asia:
Building Urban Communities (routledge, 2009)
Edited by Amritae Daniere and Mike Douglass
This book explores how and why civic spaces are used by different communities in Asia and what role urban governance and public participation play in the support or demise of communities. Using case studies of contemporary city life throughout, the contributors provide insights into the importance and value of civic space, arguing that civic spaces provide not only the physical sites for civil society to function autonomously; but also provide a sense of place in the form of identity, meaning, memory, history and linkages with the wider world.
Each chapter focuses on the production of and access to civic spaces in a particular Asian city, as well as examples of successes and failures that can inform urban policy regarding inclusive, tolerant and socially vibrant city life through focused attention on the provision and continuity of civic space.
This book is designed to provide information to policymakers, researchers and students of the developing world regarding the importance and value of civic space in terms of creating and supporting urban communities. As such, The Politics of Civic Space in Asia will be an invaluable resource for those interested in urban planning, urban design, public policy and political science, as well as Asian studies more generally.
chicago made: factory networks in the industrial metropolis
(chicago: university of chicago press, 2008)
By Robert Lewis
review by andrew malcolm
Central to Chicago Made’s story is the industrial inspection tours led between 1911 and 1914. A kind of mock-Geotrip, each tour was led by an influential elite who promoted industrial expansion outside Chicago’s downtown (the Loop) and into what was then seen as the prairie wastelands. Attended by business leaders in transportation, utilities, real estate and an endless variety of manufacturing firms, the tours capitalized on their massively intricate manufacturing network to alter the industrial, social and physical landscape with more control and purpose than ever used before, and on a scale second only to New York.
“The actions and beliefs of the capitalists taking the industrial inspection tours defined what the metropolis was and where it ended…The prairie for Chicago’s bourgeoisie was the urban frontier,” explains author Robert Lewis. Chicago Made is a project Lewis began more then a decade ago, “burrowed in the belly of the archival beast in Chicago and elsewhere.” His research is supported with numerous maps illustrating collected data, and filled with case studies that tell the life and death stories of self-made business men; the successes and collapses of planned industrial towns; and the tales of failures, lawsuits, and slum-making that accompanied the massive alteration of Chicago’s landscape.
Referring to a 20th-century industrial promoter – Joseph Torrence – and his colleagues, Lewis explains that “using the networks they had constructed over time, they built transportation networks, subdivided land for residential and industrial functions, enticed manufacturers with free land and low freight rates, and boosted East Chicago as a model of suburban life. They constructed this picture on a mélange of truths, half-truths, and lies.” But the industrial promoters weren’t the only ones to bury the past in the interest of pushing ahead. Manufacturing firms would often pick up from one failed planned industrial town only to set up anew somewhere else in Chicago’s metropolis. “Forgetting that industrial suburbs became slums over several generations was a convenient way to deal with the contradictions of capitalist urban growth,” explains Lewis.
Chicago Made is a thorough study into the unexplored complexities of Chicago between the Civil War and the Second World War; a picture of a geographical landscape unique in its social and economic evolution; and a more complete understanding of a city that was “massive, stretching 30 to 40 miles from the Loop, with hundreds of suburbs, towns, and satellite cities forming an endless combination of specialized social and economic spaces.”
Beyond States and Markets: The Challenges of Social Reproduction
edited by isabella bakker and rachel silvey
Seeking to extend our understanding of the contemporary global political economy, this book provides an important and original introduction to the current theoretical debates about social reproduction and argues for the necessity of linking social reproduction to specific contexts of power and production.
It illustrates the analytic value of the concept of social reproduction through a series of case studies that examine the implications of how labour power is reproduced and how lives outside of work are lived. The issues examined in countries including the Ukraine, Chile, Spain, Nepal, India, and Indonesia, consist of human trafficking and sex work; women and work; migration, labour and gender inequality; microcredit programs and investing in women; health, biological reproduction and assisted reproductive technologies.
The book lends a unique perspective to the understandings of transformation in the global political economy precisely because of its simultaneous focus on the caring and provisioning of the everyday and its relationships to policies and decisions made at the national and international levels of both formal and informal institutions.
With its multi-disciplinary approach, this book will be indispensable to students and scholars of international political economy, development studies, gender or women’s studies, international studies, globalization, and international relations. 3
Rachel Silvey is Associate Professor in the Department of Geography and Programme in Planning at the University of Toronto.